Coming updates and some UCDP stats for the past year…

Updates to come…

2014 has now drawn to a close, and we are well into 2015. Updates of the Conflict Encyclopedia and our datasets are currently ongoing. And, since 2014 was not a particularly good year for peace, there is much coding and writing to be done to complete this update.

In terms of other updates, 2015 will also see the launch of the 2.0 version of the UCDP GED (Georeferenced Event Dataset), which will now encompass also the Asian continent. Work on this update has been a little more time consuming than we initially thought and had hoped. This is in part due to the sheer magnitude of data to be launched, but also because we took the opportunity to update, clean, and enhance all the data for Asia (as we did also for the Africa release). No release date is available as of yet though.

A different type of data…

We normally publish numbers related to organized violence only, since this is our mission. For this year’s annual report on our activities we have, however, also looked more closely at how much some our datasets are utilized by the research and policy making communities. So, here are some stats on how some of our main dataset have been cited in Google Scholar so far and during 2014:


Gleditsch et al., 2002, Armed Conflict 1946-2001: A New Dataset, Journal of Peace Research

All-time citations: 2095

2014 citations (approximate): 275


Harbom, Melander, and Wallensteen, 2008, Dyadic Dimensions of Armed Conflict, 1946-2007, Journal of Peace Research

All-time citations: 233

2014 citations (approx.): 37


Eck and Hultman, 2007, One-sided Violence Against Civilians in War: Insights from New Fatality Data, Journal of Peace Research

All-time citations: 239

2014 citations (approx.): 43


Sundberg, Eck, and Kreutz, 2012, Introducing the UCDP Non-State Conflict Dataset, Journal or Peace Research

All-time citations (including beta version): 49

2014 citations (approx.): 20


Sundberg and Melander, 2013, Introducing the UCDP Georeferenced Event Dataset, Journal of Peace Research

All-time citations (including beta version and codebook): 165

2014 citations (approx.): 65


Kreutz, 2010, How and When Armed Conflicts End: Introducing the UCDP Conflict Termination Dataset, Journal of Peace Research

All-time citations: 176

2014 citations (approx.): 44

Keep your eyes peeled for further updates!

//R

Nobel Peace Prize 2014

UCDP Deputy Director Erik Melander (and Head of Department Magnus Öberg) have commented on this year’s Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Melander and Öberg note that the receipients of the prize were highly relevant in light of research on peace and war.

 

“‘Among individuals you find that those who have the most positive attitudes towards equality between the sexes in society are also less inclined to use violence, as well as less prone to support warlike foreign policies, torture of suspected terrorists, and similar policies. These are very strong associations and they are robust even when we take into account alternative explanations such as economic wellbeing, education level, religion, and so on,’ says Professor Erik Melander who does research in these topics.”

 

Read the full comment here.

Noted: New publication from the Department using UCDP data

Lisa Hultman (2013) “UN Peacekeeping and Protection of Civilians: Cheap Talk or Norm Implementation?”, Journal of Peace Research 50(1): 59-73.

 

Abstract:

“Protection of civilians is now at the forefront of the responsibilities of the international community. There is a strong international norm that civilian populations should be protected from violence. But how committed is the United Nations to acting in line with this norm? I argue that the UN Security Council (UNSC) has an interest in demonstrating that it takes violence against civilians seriously. Through a broadened security agenda including human security, the legitimacy and the credibility of the UNSC hinges on its ability to act as a guarantor of civilian protection. As a consequence, the UN is more likely to deploy peace operations in conflicts where the warring parties target the civilian population. The argument is supported by a statistical examination of all internal armed conflicts in 1989–2006. The results show that the likelihood of a UN peace operation is higher in conflicts with high levels of violence against civilians, but this effect is mainly visible after 1999. This year marked a shift in the global security agenda and it was also when the UNSC first issued an explicit mandate to protect civilians. Conflicts with high levels of violence against civilians are also more likely to get operations with robust mandates. This suggests that the UNSC is not just paying lip service to the protection norm, but that it actually acts to implement it.”

Noted: Recent publications from the Department using UCDP data

Recent publications from the Department of Peace and Conflict Research using UCDP data:

 

– Svensson, Isak, Ending Holy Wars: religion and conflict resolution in civil wars, (University of Queensland Press, 2012)

– Fjelde, Hanne & Nina von Uexkull (2012) “Climate triggers: Rainfall anomalies, vulnerability and communal conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa”, Political Geography 31(7): 444-453.

– Nilsson, Marcus (2012): “Reaping What Was Sown: Conflict outcome and post-civil war democratisation”, Cooperation & Conflict, 47(3): 350-367.

– Johan Brosché and Emma Elfversson (2012) “Communal conflict, civil war, and the state: Complexities, connections, and the case of Sudan” African Journal on Conflict Resolution Volume 12 No 1.

– Kreutz, Joakim. 2012. “From Tremors to Talks: Do Natural Disasters Produce Ripe Moments for Resolving Separatist Conflicts?” International Interactions 38(4):482-502.

 

//R

Noted: Håkan Lindgren on visible and invisible wars in the media (in Swedish)

Frilandsskribenten Håkan Lindgren noterar i Svenska Dagbladet hur nyhetsvärderingen gör vissa konflikter osynliga och andra så pass synliga att mediekonsumenterna tappar begreppen om deras olika storlek. Bland annat noterar Håkan Lindgren hur lite uppmärksamhet kriget i Kongo fick relativt Israel-Palestina, trots den förstnämnda konfliktens betydligt större dödssiffror. Vidare följer en intressant diskussion om mediernas val av vad som skall upp på agendan rörande terrorism och väpnade konflikter.

LÄS i sin helhet HÄR.

 

//R